8 Comprehensive Programming Languages that a Data Scientist Should Master

What is data sciences
What is data sciences

Programming forms the backbone of software development. Data science is an agglomeration of various fields that include Computer Science. The demand for data scientists in every industry is growing significantly. For the development of every business, there is a requirement to assess the data you gather. And, an expert needs both the industry-centric skillset and tools to allow you to produce better outcomes with your information.

According to the Forbes report, “Data Science is the best job in the US for the last three consecutive years. Also, according to an IBM study, the Data Science job demands will increase by 28% by 2020, with nearly three million job openings for data science professionals.”
It includes the use of scientific processes and methods to evaluate and draw a conclusion from the data. Specific programming languages designed for this task, carry out these methods. Generally, several languages cater to the development of software, programming for Data Science fluctuates in the sense that allows a user to pre-process, evaluate and produce prediction from the data. These data-centric programming languages can clutch out algorithms best suited for the particulars of Data Science. Thus, to become a skilled Data Scientist, you must one of the following data science programming languages.

Well, data science is an amazing and exciting field to work in, advanced statistical and combining quantitative skills with real-world programming ability. Data science is a perception of gathering statistics, data analysis, and their related strategies to know and analyze real wonders with data. It connects with different theories and techniques drawn from distinct fields within the wide spectrum of mathematics, information science, statistics and computer science.

With the dramatic development of machine learning, data science is gaining more popularity. To understand and become a data scientist, it is pivotal for a data scientist to learn at least one programming language (although knowing more than one is beneficial to job finder). There is an array of options to choose from the list.

  1. Python
python programming
python programming

The first on the list in Python. It is an immensely popular, dynamic and commonly used language within the data science community. And, it is generally known as the easiest programming language to read and at the same time to learn.

It blends quick improvement with the capacity to line with high-performance algorithms written in Fortran or C, it has become the leading programming language for open data science.

With the progression of technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, and predictive analytics, the requirement for experts with Python skills is rising significantly. It is extensively used in web development, scientific computing, data mining, and others.


It is really easy to use, an interpreter based, high-level programming language. Moreover, it is a versatile language that has a plethora of libraries for multiple roles. And, with time, it has emerged out as one of the popular choices for Data Science owing to its easier learning curve and useful libraries.

The code-readability observed by Python also makes it quite a popular choice for Data Science. Since a Data Scientist manages several complicated problems, it is useful to have a language that is easier to comprehend. Python makes it simpler for the users to implement solutions while following the standards of required algorithms.

2. R


R is the one often used tools. It is an open-source language and software environment for statistical computing and graphics, supported by the R Foundation for Statistical Computing. These skill sets have massive recruiters in machine learning and data science.

R gives numerous factual models, and various examiners have formed their applications in R. It is the topper of open measurable investigation, and there is an unmistakable spotlight on factual models which have been formed using R. The open R bundle chronicle, contains above 8,000 systems contributed bundles. Microsoft, RStudio, and different associations give business backing to R-based registering.

For statistically oriented assignments, R is the ideal language. Aspiring Data Scientists may require confronting a precarious expectation to absorb information when contrasted with Python. R is explicitly devoted to factual investigation. It is, thus, prevalent among statisticians. If you need a top to bottom plunge at information investigation and measurements, at that point R is your preferred language. The main downside of R is that it’s anything, but a broadly useful programming language which implies that it isn’t utilized for tasks other than statistical programming.

With 10,000+ packages in the open-source archive of CRAN, R takes into account every single measurable application. Another solid suit of R is its capacity to deal with complex straight polynomial math. This makes R perfect for measurable examination as well as for neural systems. Another significant element of R is its representation library ‘ggplot2’. There are additionally other studio features like clean stanza and Sparklyr which gives Apache Spark interface to R. R based situations like RStudio has made it simpler to associate databases. It has worked in a bundle called “RMySQL” which furnishes local availability of R with MySQL. All these features make R a perfect decision for no-nonsense information researchers.

3. Java


Java is a well-known, general-purpose language that runs on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Several organizations, especially MNC use this language to create backend systems and desktop or web applications. It is an Oracle-supported specific computing system that empowers portability between different platforms.

Due to the demand for Java skills is raising, it has been called a pillar of the organization’s programming stack. The sudden hike in demand for Java skills has been noticed among software engineers, DevOps engineers, and software architects.

4. SQL

Structured Query Language
Structured Query Language

Structured Query Language is counted as one of the most admired languages. On a general aspect, it is used well for querying and editing the informative stored in a relational database. And also, mainly used for retrieving and storing data for decades. It is used in managing a gigantic database, reducing the turnaround time for online requests by its fast processing time.

Having SQL skills can be the biggest asset for machine learning and data science professionals, as SQL is the most demanding set of skills for all the organizations.

Referred to as the ‘basics of Data Science’, SQL is the most significant ability that a Data Scientist must-have. SQL or ‘Organized Query Language’ is the database language for recovering information from sorted out information sources called social databases. In Data Science, SQL is for refreshing, questioning and controlling databases. As a Data Scientist, realizing how to recover information is a significant piece of the activity. SQL is the ‘sidearm’ of Data Scientists implying that it gives constrained abilities, yet is pivotal for explicit jobs. It has an assortment of executions like MySQL, SQLite, PostgreSQL, and so on.

To be a capable Data Scientist, it is important to concentrate and extract information from the database. For this reason, information on SQL is an absolute necessity. SQL is likewise an exceptionally discernible language, attributable to its explanatory grammar. For instance SELECT name FROM clients WHERE pay > 20000 is instinctive.

5. Julia

Julia Programming Language
Julia Programming Language

Julia is an unusual state dynamic programming language intended to address the necessities of superior numerical investigation, and logical processing is quickly picking up prominence among the information researchers. It is a current language, equipped for universally useful programming too and hasn’t been around as long as R or Python.

Because of its quicker execution, Julia has turned into an ideal decision for managing complex undertakings containing high volume informational collections. For many basic, essential benchmarks run multiple times speedier than Python and routinely run fairly faster than C code. If you like Python’s grammar while you have a huge measure of information, at that point Julia is the following programming language to learn.

A joint exertion among Jupyter and Julia people group, it gives a phenomenal program based graphical scratchpad interface to Julia. Individuals, who are looking for the best execution parallel computing language concentrated on numerical registering, Julia is an ideal language for them.

Julia has been the most recent developed programming language that is best suited for scientific computing. It is popular for being simple like Python and has the extremely fast performance of C language. This has made Julia a perfect language for areas requiring complicated mathematical operations. As a Data Scientist, you will work on issues requiring complicated mathematics. Julia has the power to solve issues at a lightning-fast speed.

Due to recent development, Julia has been facing some complications in terms of stable release; it has been now widely being recognized as a language for Artificial Intelligence. A hefty number of consultancy and bank services are using Julia for Risk Analytics.

6. Scala

Scala (versatile language) is outstanding amongst other known dialects with one of the largest client bases. It is a broadly useful, open-source programming language that keeps running on the JVM. Scala is a perfect choice of language for those working with high-volume informational indexes and has full help for useful programming and a solid static sort framework.

It was developed to run on the JVM, it enables interoperability with Java itself, making Scala a general-purpose language, while also being an ideal option for data science.

Group figuring structure Apache Spark is written in Scala. If you need to juggle your information in a thousand processor bunch and have a heap of inheritance Java code, Scala is an extraordinary open-source solution.



It is developed and licensed by MathWorks. It is stable, quick, and makes sure solid algorithms for numerical computing language used the entire industry and academia. Considered to be a well-suited language for mathematicians and scientists dealing with sophisticated mathematical needs such as Fourier transforms, signal processing, image processing, and matrix algebra.

It is created and authorized by MathWorks. It is a vigorous, stable and guarantees strong calculations for numerical processing language utilized whole scholarly community and industry. Counted as an appropriate language for mathematicians and researchers managing advanced numerical needs, for instance, Fourier changes, signal preparing, picture handling, and framework variable based math.

MATLAB generally used in statistical analysis, including applications or day-to-day roles requires intensive; advanced functionality in mathematical makes it a serious option for data science.

8. TensorFlow


It is an incredible source software library for numerical computation. TensorFlow is a machine learning framework appropriate for large-scale data. It works on the fundamental concept. For instance, if you want to perform a graph of computations in Python, Tensorflow can be run by utilizing a set of tuned C++ code.

One of the most significant advantages of TensorFlow is that the graph can be broken into an array of chunks that can keep running in parallel over various CPUs and GPUs. And, even support distributed computing, you will be able to train huge neural networks on immense training sets in a short time. It powers a massive number of Google’s large-scale services such as Google Photos, Google Search and Google Cloud Speech.

Data Science is an energetic field with ever-growing technologies and tools. It is reckoned as a vast field; you must select specific issues to tackle. For this, you should select the programming language that suits them best.

It comes as a no-brainer that Data Science is a dynamic field with ever-growing tools and technologies. Data Science is a vast field, you should select a specific issue to tackle. For this, you must select the programming language best suited for it.

The programming languages mentioned above, focus on several key areas of Data Science and one must always be willing to experiment with new languages based on the requirements. For any individual, who is willing to make a career as a Data Scientist, it is necessary to have an attitude to learn different languages to attain a grip over the career path.


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